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Do you need a quick way to explain procurement terms? Here’s a run down of some common terms used in procurement, including acronyms to watch out for:
A ten calendar day standstill period between the announcement of a contract award on OJEU and the signing of a contract, designed so unsuccessful bidders have time to challenge the decision. It is named after two linked cases that came to the European Court of Justice in 1998.
Competitive Dialogue Procedure
When a public body wants to achieve an outcome through awarding a contract but does not know the best way to reach this goal, the authority can hold confidential discussions with shortlisted bidders before the final call for bids.
CPV codes - Common Procurement Vocabulary
Codes applied to works, services and supplies which can be procured. You can find a full list here.
EMAT/MEAT - Economically Most Advantageous Tender/Most Economically Advantageous Tender
Usually this is how an authority decides how to award tenders, although other factors such as innovation and business ethics can be taken into account too.
An agreement between a small number of suppliers and a public body to provide works, supplies or services at shorter notice than through a normal procurement process.
LTR - Light Touch Regime
A process for tenders below the OJEU threshold that is less intensive than some higher value processes but still fulfills the requirements for equal treatment and transparency, including ensuring the process is competitive and publishing a contract award notice.
An agreement between an authority and a bidder without prior publication when there have been no suitable responses to an open or restricted procedures, but only when there is no reasonable alternative.
OJEU/TED - Official Journal of the European Journal, Tenders Electronic Daily
A tender open to all bidders without any pre-qualification requirements.
PBR - Payment by Results
A policy by which supplier payments are dependent on verifiable results.
Parent company guarantee
If a subsidiary of a large company wins a contract, the larger company can provide a guarantee to fulfil the subsidiary’s contractual obligations and liabilities should the subsidiary fail to deliver.
Also known as surety, these bonds or guarantees are provided to government buyers by specialist insurers at the expense of contracted suppliers and paid in the event of contract default.
A tender for which bidders first complete a pre-qualification questionnaire before they are invited to tender.
Potential suppliers offer open pricing bids to a supplier , competing for the lowest bid. The Crown Commercial Service promotes online Reverse eAuctions to government buyers as a method of reducing costs: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/eauctions.
SVA - Social Value Act
The Public Services (Social Value) Act 2014, calls for public sector bodies in England and Wales to consider factors concerning social value, such as local socio-economic development and environmental.
Protects the rights of workers who are transferred from one business to another. Applies when a service originally provided in house is outsourced to ensure the staff providing the service continue to be employed on the same terms as before.
Whole life costs
The cost of an asset from when it is acquired to when it is divested covering revenues, environmental impacts and maintenance as well as the straightforward cost of acquisition.